Azerbaijan is a crossroads between East and West, a corridor between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus, and has been influenced by many cultures over the years: Persian, Mongolian, Russian, to name but the most important. This geographical position and cultural variety results in a rich and diversified architectural heritage, which is one of the country's main attractions. The most representative city of this heritage is obviously the capital, Baku, which has been built in successive layers over the centuries. Today, the old city, protected by its solid ramparts, the city of the 19th century oil boom, with its European-inspired colonnaded architecture, and the modern city, with its Soviet accents gradually replaced by the brand new buildings of the new oil boom, coexist here. In a few streets, you can go from a caravanserai made of massive stones - where you can easily imagine the camel drivers of the Silk Road cooling down at the soft murmur of a fountain - to a small Europe of the past century. Two more steps, and the mansions with their ashlar facades are replaced by the imposing volume of the Lenin Museum and by the magnificent shaded promenade that opens Baku to the Caspian Sea.The heterogeneous charm of Baku is only rivalled in the country by the mineral harmony of Sheki. The caravanserais, ancient churches, fortress and richly decorated palace of this northern city make it a must-see destination. A small concentrate of the best that the architecture of the Silk Road era had to offer.
A rich culture :
Azerbaijan is a Muslim country and, since the fall of the USSR, the song of the muezzin has resounded again on every street corner, in every village in the country. Minarets point their arrows to the horizon, mosques make their domes shine between stone houses, life is punctuated by prayers and religious celebrations. Despite this Muslim influence, Azerbaijan is officially a secular country that remains strongly influenced by the Soviet period, and Islam is therefore particularly tolerant. While in most Muslim countries, access to mosques and holy places is forbidden to "infidels", and even more so to women, Azerbaijan makes it a point of honour to promote the discovery of its religious culture. A simple scarf on the head (all places of worship lend some at the entrance because most women in the country are not veiled) allows you to enter mosques and mausoleums and visit places of pilgrimage. An almost unique opportunity to get to know Muslim culture.This has had a significant and long-standing influence on the country's artistic life. Azerbaijan's rich creativity, as expressed in its architecture and musical and literary tradition, owes much to Persian and Turkish influences. Present in the capital's museums, Azeri culture, including the most traditional, also remains very much alive in the country.Local festivals and the most diverse celebrations are opportunities for musicians to show their talent as mugam singers, and for guests to recite one of the many poems in the local repertoire. A whole ancient and abundant culture survives in the daily life of cities and countryside.
© Dominique Auzias & Jean-Paul Labourdette