The high tourist season extends from June to August and ends by mid-September. The majority of tourists leave this period. This is the most active period of icebergs production, which allows access to the Eqi glacier and the possibility of discovering nature with temperatures between 5 and 15 ° C (with minima of -5 ° C and maxima up to 20 ° C). The temperature is mild and the days are very long with the midnight sun. Transport vessels can then sail along the coast. At the end of August, temperatures drop, the bilberries mature and the tundra begins a short autumn with vibrant colours. In mid-September it can already be cold. Note: many tourists prefer to come in August to avoid mosquitoes in June and July.
Winter is more severe with temperatures around -25 ° C (with minima at -40 ° C and maxima close to 0 ° C) then the polar night over the Arctic Circle in mid-March. The country takes its very strange character, with a dark or bluish glow, reduced activity and storms that can last several days. This is the best time to see the aurora borealis and make the sled dog.
Earth of extreme contrastsTravelling to Greenland means discovering a vast territory with fewer than 60 000 inhabitants. The largest island in the world is the country with the lowest population density (0.026 inhabitants/km ² compared to 98,8 in France). Its capital Nuuk is also one of the smallest capitals in the world with 17 136 inhabitants! It is a rough, mountainous land that contrasts with the huge polar cap, the ice sheet in its centre and an adventurous and welcoming people in its heart. From the desert landscape of the Arctic from the far north to the influences of the Atlantic and the lush sheep farms in the south, distinct cultural and climatic diversity shapes the way in which the people of Greenland live in the geographical vastness of their island. There are so many peculiarities that it is best to master in order to make them known to tourists, and this is, of course, the case of local agencies which will make you discover all the facets of Greenland on the occasion of a trip organised live with them.Avoidance and changeThe desire to escape from the oppressive atmosphere of a city regularly pushes urban dwellers to Greenland and thus live a total change of scenery just a few hours away. Greenland is absolutely unique and the guaranteed change for all. Escape is also possible through many activities: observation of icebergs, walking tours, kayaking, boat, helicopter, ski or dog dogs! As many activities as a local agency will be able to include wonderfully in a tailor-made stay with you.In this country which is heavily dependent on imports, the cost of living is therefore particularly high. It is one of the most expensive countries in the world. Nothing escapes this rule, the smallest article will be much more expensive than in France, so it is necessary to arrive in the country with some savings in the pocket to go to the restaurant, to make some purchases, or simply to stay or move.FormalitésGreenland is linked to the European Community by Denmark. If a valid national identity card is sufficient for European citizens, a passport is preferable to travel more easily, with security checks being increasingly severe at airports. Beyond the three months allowed, you will need to apply for a visa (work, student or family reunification). Please do not hesitate to contact the Danish Embassy of your country for more information. Citizens outside the European Union must obtain a Schengen visa to visit the country, as they travel through Denmark or Iceland to come.If you want to go to Thule, special authorization is required. As for a visit to the National Park or the Ice Sheet, you will have to pay a fee of DKK 4 000, and provide guarantees of financial autonomy as well as insurance covering the handling of operations relief. Do not expect to be discreet and defraud local administration... In case of problems, the invoice would be exorbitant, calculated on the Arctic rates!
Greenland has three main dialects: the so-called "Western Greenlandic" kalaallisut, which is the main Greenlandic dialect and the official language of Greenland since 2009, the inuktun or avanersuarmiutut which is the northernmost dialect spoken around the town of Qaanaaq (Thule), the so-called "Eastern Greenlandic tunumiit" which is spoken around the cities of Tasiilaq and Illoqortormiut. In addition to these dialects, the inhabitants of the country usually speak Danish (former official language) and English. In fact, the tourist should not have a problem to make itself understood.Learning the language. Find out more about the wonderful Inuksuk association (www.espace-inuit.org) which offers different activities around Inuit culture. You can also contact the Greenland home (www.maisondugroenland.com). Air Greenland's Showings magazine translated into 3 languages (Greenlandic, Danish and English) can be useful to train! For Anglophones, you can otherwise follow the very complete Per Langgård method available online at www.learngreenlandic.com
The currency unit in Greenland is the Danish crown, symbolized by the DKK international acronym.Parts distributed in Greenland: 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 DKK.Tickets distributed in Greenland: 1 000, 500, 200, 100, DKK 50.No restrictions on the import or export of foreign currency. If banks accept travellers cheques, it is better to provide cash for current expenses, even large ones, such as the rental of a sled or the chartering of a boat. You will find atms in all "large" cities, most frequently close to the market or post office office.We recommend that you obtain Danish crowns prior to departure. You will not find a currency exchange office on site, you need to go to the bank, the mail or find an automatic vending machine.As follows: card payment does not always work because of the network.
Located on both sides of the Arctic Circle, Greenland has a polar climate characterized by short but very sunny summers (midnight sun) and long, very cold and dark winters (polar night). The average annual temperature of the entire island is far below 0 ° C. However, the country is very wide between latitudes 59 ° N and 83 ° N, the weather varies according to the regions. Please refer to the Climate section below in the guide for more details.